Nature Communications
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Efficient infection of both avian and human cells by influenza A H7N9 viruses is supported by a single nucleotide (a building block of RNA) identified by a study published in Nature Communications. The new finding may improve our understanding of how avian influenza viruses can cause disease in humans.

An NS-segment exonic splicing enhancer regulates influenza A virus replication in mammalian cells

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Nature Communications
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Analyses of brain activity taken while people navigated a virtual map of London, published in Nature Communications, shed light on how the human brain simulates future routes to plan how to reach a destination.

Hippocampal and prefrontal processing of network topology to simulate the future

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A genome editing approach to prevent retinal degeneration has been demonstrated in mice. This approach, published in Nature Communications, makes use of the CRISPR/Cas9 gene therapy system, and may be suitable for a wide range of underlying genetic defects in retinitis pigmentosa, a leading cause of blindness.

Nrl knockdown by AAV-delivered CRISPR/Cas9 prevents retinal degeneration in mice

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Plant traits diversify rapidly in response to different pollinator species shows a study published in Nature Communications this week. After only 11 generations of pollination by either bees or hoverflies, plants had diverged in height, flower fragrance, flower colour, and reliance on the pollinator for reproduction.

Real-time divergent evolution in plants driven by pollinators

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Short men may have an increased risk of becoming bald prematurely, according to a study that analysed the genetic data of more than 20,000 men. The findings also confirm the link between hair loss and an increased risk of prostate cancer. The work has been published in Nature Communications.

Meta-analysis identifies novel risk loci and yields systematic insights into the biology of male-pattern baldness

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Climate-change driven stress to marine ecosystems could extend to over four-fifths of the world’s oceans by 2050 if no mitigating actions are taken, according to research published in Nature Communications.

Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems

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Aligning the resonances of sets of optical cavities is necessary for advanced photonics and sensing applications. Here, the authors introduce resonant photoelectrochemical etching as a method to collectively and permanently tune the resonant wavelengths of ensembles of resonators on a photonic chip.

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Bacteria in soil may be dispersed in the air via raindrops according to a study published in Nature Communications this week. This is a new mechanism that sheds light on our understanding of how bacteria may be spread over long distances.

Bioaerosol generation by raindrops on soil

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By using graphene treated with other non-metallic elements, researchers have devised the first non-metallic magnet that retains its magnetic properties up to room temperature. The findings are reported in Nature Communications.

Room temperature organic magnets derived from sp3 functionalized graphene

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The presence of thick sea ice at the base of melting glaciers can exert sufficient force to prevent icebergs breaking off (calving) into the water, according to an article published in Nature Communications.

Thinning sea ice weakens buttressing force of iceberg mélange and promotes calving

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The Late Jurassic dinosaur Anchiornis had bird-like arms, legs, tail and footpads, shows a study published in Nature Communications. The new body-shape reconstruction is based directly on soft-tissue evidence that has previously been difficult to detect.

Basal paravian functional anatomy illuminated by high-detail body outline

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A chemical called BHPF, used in production of some ‘BPA-free’ plastics, may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes in mice, a study in Nature Communications indicates.

Fluorene-9-bisphenol is anti-oestrogenic and may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes in mice

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A little-understood biological property that appears to allow cell components to store energy on their outer edges is the possible key to developing a new class of materials and devices to collect, store and manage energy for a variety of applications, according to a study published in Nature Communications.

Dynamical Majorana edge modes in a broad class of topological mechanical systems

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New research, published in Nature Communications, has identified sections of DNA associated with altered regulation of gene expression underlying schizophrenia.

Genome-wide identification of splicing QTLs in the human brain and their enrichment among schizophrenia-associated loci

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Researchers have developed tiny nanoparticles that help convert carbon dioxide into methane using only ultraviolet light as an energy source. Their work is described in Nature Communications this week.

Product selectivity in plasmonic photocatalysis for carbon dioxide hydrogenation

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Stress-response genes controlled by the circadian clock are shown to be up-regulated in old fruit flies in a study published in Nature Communications. The new finding sheds light on how the circadian clock might protect organisms during aging.

Circadian deep sequencing reveals stress-response genes that adopt robust rhythmic expression during aging

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Problematic drug use at the age of 16 can be predicted by the way the brain responds to reward anticipation at the age of 14, shows a study published in Nature Communications.

Blunted ventral striatal responses to anticipated rewards foreshadow problematic drug use in novelty-seeking adolescents

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Genomic analyses of a complex prehistoric society from New Mexico suggest that elite status was passed down through the maternal line. The study, published in Nature Communications, infers ancient familial, hierarchical relationships from DNA and sheds light on the cultural origins of hereditary leadership.

Archaeogenomic evidence reveals prehistoric matrilineal dynasty

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Market integration and diversification, processes that increase the interaction between banks, may drive the financial system towards instability, reports a study in Nature Communications.

Pathways towards instability in financial networks

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The 2015/16 El Niño event drove unprecedented levels of erosion along much of the west coast of the United States, making it one of the most powerful El Niño events of the past 145 years, according to a study published in Nature Communications.

Extreme oceanographic forcing and coastal response due to the 2015–2016 El Niño

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