Nature Communications
Nature Communications
04/20/2017 at 15:52. Facebook
A combination of natural variability and warming induced by human activity has led to decreases in the amount of mountain snow in the western United States. Future projections suggest a further loss of around 30% on average in mountain snowpack in the next three decades.
A combination of natural variability and warming induced by human activity has

Large near-term projected snowpack loss over the western United States

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Nature Communications
Nature Communications
04/19/2017 at 16:50. Facebook
A new paper finds exercise is socially contagious. Data from digital fitness tracking devices combined with social network analyses reveal that the running habits of individuals can influence their friends’ fitness activities.
A new paper finds exercise is socially contagious Data from digital fitness

Exercise contagion in a global social network

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Alison Butler
A genetically engineered probiotic - a microorganism that may have health-promoting capacities - is shown to prevent and eliminate a bacterial infection in animal models. Further studies would be needed to examine whether the findings can be translated to humans.
A genetically engineered probiotic a microorganism that may have healthpromoting

Engineered probiotic Escherichia coli can eliminate and prevent Pseudomonas aeruginosa gut infection in animal models

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One of the oldest and largest penguin colonies in Antarctica was periodically wiped out by an erupting volcano. A study reveals at least three near-extinction events over the past 7,000 years, from which it took the colony between 400 and 800 years to recover.
One of the oldest and largest penguin colonies in Antarctica was periodically

Past penguin colony responses to explosive volcanism on the Antarctic Peninsula

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A microprocessor has been built using a semiconductor that is only few atoms thick. This technological advance may facilitate the transition from conventional silicon electronics to atomically flat nano-electronics.
A microprocessor has been built using a semiconductor that is only few

A microprocessor based on a two-dimensional semiconductor

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Britain’s geological separation from mainland Europe may have been a two-stage process, according to a study. New evidence indicates that the opening of the Dover Strait was the result of erosion caused by an overflowing glacial lake, followed by two catastrophic episodes of flooding.
Britains geological separation from mainland Europe may have been a twostage process

Two-stage opening of the Dover Strait and the origin of island Britain

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Sara Jackson
A mouse model shows that low-dose penicillin treatment early in life has lasting effects on gut microbiota, brain physiology and social behaviour. The study also shows that co-administration of a probiotic prevents some of these alterations.
A mouse model shows that lowdose penicillin treatment early in life has

Low-dose penicillin in early life induces long-term changes in murine gut microbiota, brain cytokines and behavior

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Greenland's glaciers and ice caps are not likely to recover from the melting they are currently experiencing. Researchers report that melting on the island passed a tipping point 20 years ago, and the smallest glaciers and ice caps on the coast are no longer able to regrow lost ice.
Greenlands glaciers and ice caps are not likely to recover from the

A tipping point in refreezing accelerates mass loss of Greenland’s glaciers and ice caps

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A new paper reports the 28-day menstrual cycle of the human reproductive tract tissues can be mimicked using “organ-on-a-chip” technology, which may provide a platform for drug discovery efforts.
A new paper reports the 28day menstrual cycle of the human reproductive

A microfluidic culture model of the human reproductive tract and 28-day menstrual cycle

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A Nature Communications study has taken a step toward monitoring patients' response to cancer therapy by simply having their blood drawn. Researchers isolated circulating tumour cells from the blood of breast cancer patients, then designed a precision test for protein biomarkers which are indicators of cancer.
A Nature Communications study has taken a step toward monitoring patients response

Profiling protein expression in circulating tumour cells using microfluidic western blotting

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Efficient infection of both avian and human cells by influenza A H7N9 viruses is supported by a single nucleotide (a building block of RNA) identified by a study published in Nature Communications. The new finding may improve our understanding of how avian influenza viruses can cause disease in humans.
Efficient infection of both avian and human cells by influenza A H7N9

An NS-segment exonic splicing enhancer regulates influenza A virus replication in mammalian cells

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Analyses of brain activity taken while people navigated a virtual map of London, published in Nature Communications, shed light on how the human brain simulates future routes to plan how to reach a destination.
Analyses of brain activity taken while people navigated a virtual map of

Hippocampal and prefrontal processing of network topology to simulate the future

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Begüm Nergiz
A genome editing approach to prevent retinal degeneration has been demonstrated in mice. This approach, published in Nature Communications, makes use of the CRISPR/Cas9 gene therapy system, and may be suitable for a wide range of underlying genetic defects in retinitis pigmentosa, a leading cause of blindness.
A genome editing approach to prevent retinal degeneration has been demonstrated in

Nrl knockdown by AAV-delivered CRISPR/Cas9 prevents retinal degeneration in mice

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Plant traits diversify rapidly in response to different pollinator species shows a study published in Nature Communications this week. After only 11 generations of pollination by either bees or hoverflies, plants had diverged in height, flower fragrance, flower colour, and reliance on the pollinator for reproduction.
Plant traits diversify rapidly in response to different pollinator species shows a

Real-time divergent evolution in plants driven by pollinators

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Andressa Meireles
Viviane Cordovez
Short men may have an increased risk of becoming bald prematurely, according to a study that analysed the genetic data of more than 20,000 men. The findings also confirm the link between hair loss and an increased risk of prostate cancer. The work has been published in Nature Communications.
Short men may have an increased risk of becoming bald prematurely according

Meta-analysis identifies novel risk loci and yields systematic insights into the biology of male-pattern baldness

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João Motta
Osmar Antonio Lee Zarzoza-Espinoza Romero
Edoardo Cappelli
Climate-change driven stress to marine ecosystems could extend to over four-fifths of the world’s oceans by 2050 if no mitigating actions are taken, according to research published in Nature Communications.
Climatechange driven stress to marine ecosystems could extend to over fourfifths of

Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems

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Our new Hero Image:

Aligning the resonances of sets of optical cavities is necessary for advanced photonics and sensing applications. Here, the authors introduce resonant photoelectrochemical etching as a method to collectively and permanently tune the resonant wavelengths of ensembles of resonators on a photonic chip.

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Our new Hero Image Aligning the resonances of sets of optical cavities
Bacteria in soil may be dispersed in the air via raindrops according to a study published in Nature Communications this week. This is a new mechanism that sheds light on our understanding of how bacteria may be spread over long distances.
Bacteria in soil may be dispersed in the air via raindrops according

Bioaerosol generation by raindrops on soil

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By using graphene treated with other non-metallic elements, researchers have devised the first non-metallic magnet that retains its magnetic properties up to room temperature. The findings are reported in Nature Communications.
By using graphene treated with other nonmetallic elements researchers have devised the

Room temperature organic magnets derived from sp3 functionalized graphene

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The presence of thick sea ice at the base of melting glaciers can exert sufficient force to prevent icebergs breaking off (calving) into the water, according to an article published in Nature Communications.
The presence of thick sea ice at the base of melting glaciers

Thinning sea ice weakens buttressing force of iceberg mélange and promotes calving

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Ãmït Kúmår