In February 1911, a Welsh Nationalist League was founded, based in Caernarfonshire, to campaign for Home Rule.

Up to this point recognition of Wales had made considerable progress, with the most significant developments occurring in the fields of education and culture. However in the immediate years following World War I, although Wales gained some administrative devolution, the movement for...
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On 24th February 1852, The Times reported that Robert Stephenson had approved Isambard Kingdom Brunel's design for the railway bridge at Chepstow.

Chepstow Railway Bridge was used for the first time on 19 July 1852, which allowed the Great Western Railway to open its London to Swansea line. It is considered as one of Brunel's major achievements, because the span of 300 feet needed to be...
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On 24th February 1871 an explosion at Pentre Colliery, Ton Pentre, killed 39 men and nine horses.

The probable cause of the explosion was ‘Firedamp’ which is a flammable gas, usually methane, found naturally in coal mines.
Born this day 1845 in Carmarthen,

Sir Alfred Lewis Jones, who at an early age moved to Liverpool with his family where he commenced his career as a ship's apprentice and soon owned his own shipping business. He later became one of the leading figures in the shipping firm of Elder Dempster, through whose contacts he acquired considerable territorial and financial interests in West Africa,...
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Born on this day 1723, in Tynton, Llangeinor, Glamorgan,

Richard Price described as one of the most influential intellectuals to have ever come from Wales. Price was a moral and political philosopher, a nonconformist minister and a writer on issues of statistics and finance, being inducted into the Royal Society for both.

Dr Richard Price was progressive in his views on both religion and...
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Born on this day 1980 in Cardiff,

Rhys Williams, former Wales rugby international.
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On 23rd February 1959, the flag currently in use was officially recognised as the national flag of Wales.

A history of factors associated with the Welsh Flag;

It is thought that the Romans brought the dragon emblem to what is now Wales in the form of the Draco standards carried by Roman cavalry units. The Draco itself originated with the Sarmatians, a unit of whom were stationed in Britain...
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Born this day 1920, in Blaencwm, Rhondda,

Ron Berry, an author, who also wrote several plays for BBC television and he is regarded as one of the Wales' more significant post-war authors.

Berry began writing later in life after attending Coleg Harlech. He had previously worked at many jobs over his lifetime such as a miner, navvy, fitter, merchant navy seaman, swimming pool manager, boxer...
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William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford (c. 1020 – 22 February 1071) was a relative and close counsellor of William the Conqueror, who was made Earl of Hereford on 22nd February 1067.

FitzOsbern is known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and after the Norman conquest, William the Conquerer placed three of his most loyal companions as the Earls of Hereford, Chester and,...
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Born this day 1923, in Taff's Well,

Bleddyn Williams, former Wales and Lions rugby captain, who was known as "the prince of centres" and was the last man to captain Wales to victory over New Zealand. He served during the Second World War with the RAF and afterwards became a rugby journalist with the Sunday People.
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On 22nd February 1797, 1,400 members of the French Legion Noire of the French Revolutionary Army landed in Carregwasted bay near Fishguard, which remains the last time Britain was invaded a foreign military force.

Irish revolutionary leader, Wolfe Tone had received support from France to help end British rule in Ireland. Part of the plan was to organise French invasions of Britain to divert...
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Born on this day 1969 in Tredegar,

James Dean Bradfield, lead vocalist and guitarist for the rock band Manic Street Preachers.
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Born this day 1986, in Llandaff,

Charlotte Church, who came to public notice when she made an impromptu appearance on ‘The Big Big Talent Show’ in 1996, she came on to say a few words about her aunt, who was also making an appearance on the show and was asked her to sing. She stole the show and immediately became an overnight sensation. More television and concert appearances followed,...
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Christened on 21st February 1693 in Llandygwydd Church in Cardiganshire,

Theophilus Evans - cleric, historian and man of letters, who is best known for his work Drych y Prif Oesoedd (Mirror of the Early Centuries) (1716) in which he identified Bangor-is-y-Coed as the monastery that Saint Augustine ordered the slaughter of 1200 monks during his attempt to get the Welsh Church to conform to the...
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Born on this day 1773 in Cilgerran, Pembrokeshire,

Titus Lewis, a Baptist minister and writer, who is notable for the publication of A Welsh-English Dictionary as well Hanes Prydain Fawr (a History of Great Britain) and several hymns and biblical commentaries, including, along with Christmas Evans, a translation of Gill's commentary on the New Testament into Welsh.
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Born on this day 1860 in Canton, Cardiff,

Sir William Goscombe John, greatly respected sculptor who made several public monuments, memorials and statues of public figures, including the memorial at Port Sunlight to the employees of Lever Brothers Ltd who died during the First World War.
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February 21st is International Mother Language Day.

The Welsh language is one of the oldest languages in Europe. It developed from the Brythonic language spoken in most of Britain after the withdrawal of Rome, between 400 and 700 AD. Following The Anglo-Saxon colonisation of England, the Brythonic speakers in Wales were cut off from those in those in northern England and those in south-west...
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On 21st February 1152 Archbishop Theobald consecrated Geoffrey of Monmouth as Bishop of St Asaph.

Geoffrey, whose work is generally accepted as establishing the myths surrounding King Arthur and Merlin, was probably born sometime between 1100 and 1110 in Wales or the Welsh Marches. He was a cleric and author, who is best known for his chronicle Historia Regum Britanniae (‘History of the...
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On this day in 1804, the world’s first steam train made its maiden journey, from Penydarren Ironworks to Abercynon.

Samuel Homfray, the owner of the Penydaren Ironworks tasked Richard Trevithick his mechanical engineer to produce a steam locomotive to transport the produce of the ironworks. Homfray was so impressed with Trevithick's design that he placed a wager with fellow iron master,...
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